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What are new Covid variants and everything you need to know

The corona virus variants KP.1 and KP.2 are sublines of JN.1, which itself is an offshoot of the omicron variant. They were first discovered in Singapore and have since been found in a small number of cases in other countries, including India.

The World Health Organization has classified KP.2 as ‘Variant Under Monitoring’, meaning it is being closely watched by scientists to see if it has the potential to become a more widespread variant of concern. So far there is no evidence that KP.1 and KP.2 are more serious than other variants of Covid 19, but more research is needed.


The good news is that there is no evidence that KP.1 and KP.2 cause significantly different symptoms than previous variants. This means that the known symptoms of Covid 19 are still the main ones to look out for, including fever, sore throat and runny nose. , fatigue etc;

If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to get tested for Covid. Early diagnosis and isolation can help prevent the spread of the virus.


These variants can cause more severe or milder disease compared to the original strain. In some cases breathing problems may occur. Elderly people, heart patients and people who have not taken the vaccination may face respiratory and other immunity-related problems. The transmission of these variants is much faster than the other previous variants of Covid 19.

Efficacy of the vaccine

Variants can partially evade the immunity provided by vaccines. Vaccines can show resistance to certain antibodies. So it would be better for people who have not been vaccinated before to take the Covid 19 vaccine immediately. The people who have already been vaccinated should opt to take updated booster doses.

Situation in India

A total of 324 cases of KP.1 and KP.2 were detected in India. As per the latest data, 34 cases of KP.1 have been found in seven states and 23 cases have been recorded from West Bengal. The other states are Goa (1), Gujarat (2), Haryana (1), Maharashtra (4), Rajasthan (2) and Uttarakhand (1).

290 cases of the KP.2 COVID-19 variant have been reported in India, with Maharashtra having the highest number at 148. Other states and Union Territories with cases include Delhi (1), Goa (12), Gujarat (23), Haryana (3), Karnataka (4), Madhya Pradesh (1), Odisha (17), Rajasthan ( 21), Uttar Pradesh (8), Uttarakhand (16) and West Bengal (36).

What the Indian Ministry of Health and WHO say

If the viruses differ significantly from known strains, efforts would be made to determine the effectiveness of existing vaccines and treatments, and possibly develop new ones. Advisories would be issued accordingly to inform the public about the symptoms, methods of transmission and preventive measures regarding the KP.1 and KP.2 viruses.

Detailed genetic sequencing of the viruses would be carried out to understand their structure, mutation patterns and possible public health implications. Both India’s health ministry and the WHO would likely increase surveillance to monitor the spread of the viruses. This includes monitoring infection rates, geographic distribution and any noticeable patterns.

Precautionary measures

Experts are advising people to continue getting vaccinated and vaccinated against Covid, and to practice other public health measures, such as social distancing and wearing masks, to help slow the spread of the virus. Follow the Covid 19 precautions.